कंप्यूटर क्या है? और कंप्यूटर की विशेषताएं | Complete Guide About Computer

Computer क्या है? - What Is Computer In Hindi

What Is Computer In Hindi Hello Guys Kaise Ho Aap Log Mai Umeed Karta Hu Bahut Acchhe Honge. Guys Aaj Main Aapko Iss Article Me Batane Wala Hu Ki Computer Kya Hain? Computer Kaam Kaise Karta Hain? Computer Kitna Type Ke Hote Hain? Computer Ki History Kya Rahe Hain? Computer Ka Pura Name Kya Hain? Aur Bhi Bahut Kuch Hum Sikhane Wale Hain Computer Ke Bare Me.

What Is Computer?

Guys, Agar Aap Computer Course Kar Rahe Hai Ya Fir General Knowledge Ke Liye Iss Article Ka Use Aap Kar Sakte Hain. Waise Ho Sakta Hain Jo Main Aapko Batane Ja Raha Ho Unme Se Kai Cheeje Aapko Pata Ho Lakin Aapne To Suna Hi Hoga Ki Adhuri Jankari Sahi Nahi Hote. Islyie Aaj Ke Time Me Internet Par Iske Related Bahut Information Hone Ke Bawajood Bhi Mai Aapko Iske Bare Me Kuch Alag Batane Wala Hu.Aur Wo Bhi Aap Ki Apni Matra Bhasa Hindi Me.

Iss Liye Iss Article Ko Dhyanpurvak Padhe Taki Aap Kuch Bhi Miss Na Kar Paye. Aur Chalyie Main Aapko Batata Hu Ki Pahile Ke Computer Aur Aab Ka Computer Me Kya Difference Hain. To Chalyie Start Karte Hain Aur Sabse Pahile Main Aapko Batata Hu Ki Computer Kya Hai In Hindi


कंप्यूटर क्या है? - What Is Computer In Hindi? 

Jaise Ki Aapko Pata Hi Hoga Ki Aajkal Ke Lagbhag Sare Digital Kaam Computer Se Hi Kiye Jate Hain. Computer Ek Electronics Devices Hain. Jo User's Ke Dwara Diye Gaye Command Ko Process Karke Result Show Karta Hain. Kahne Ka Matlab Hain Jab Aap Kisi Input Device ( i.e, Keyboard, Mouse etc. ) Dwara Command Dete Hain To Ye Central Processing Unit ( CPU ) Me Data Process Ke Hone Ke Baad Output Device ( i.e, Monitor etc) Ke Jariye Aapko Result Show Hone Lagta Hain.

Aab Main Aapko Batata Hu Ki Iska Name Computer Kaise Pada. Computer Ka Name Latin Word Ke Computare Se Aata Hain Jiska Matlab Calculate Hota Hain. Hum Aapko Bata De Computer Sirf 2 Bhasao Ko Hi Samajhta (0,1) . Jab Aap Koi Bhi Input Dete Hain To Ye CPU Me Numberic Aur Non Numberic ( Airthmatic Logical Unit ) Ke Jariye Data Process Hone Ke Baad Aapko Result Show Karata Hain.

कंप्यूटर का फुल फॉर्म क्या है?

To Chalyie Aab Main Aapko Computer Ka Pura Name Batata Hu.

C - Commonly
O - Operating
M - Machine
P - Particularly
U - Used For
T - Technology
E - Education
R - Research

Agar Hum Isse Ko Hi Hindi Me Translate Kare To Iska Matlab आम ऑपरेटिंग मशीन विशेष रूप से व्यापार, शिक्षा और अनुसंधान के लिए उपयोग की जाती है |

History of Computer in Hindi -  कंप्यूटर का इतिहास

Guys, Example Ka Roop Me Hum Aajkal Ke Smartphone Le Lete Hain. Pahile Ke Muqabla Me Aajkal Ke Smartphone Me Kafi Changes Dekhane Ko Mila Hain. Kyu Ki Samaya Samaya Par Company Apne User's Ke Liye Kuch Naya Late Rahte Hain. Thik Usse Prakar Ye Sidhh Nahi Ho Paya Ki Computer Me Development Hona Kab Se Suru Hua Hain. Lakin Offically Jaise Samaya Samaya Par Need Ka According Jo Changes Aaya Hain Unko Generation Ka According 5 Category Me Badle Gaye Hain.

Aapki Jankari Ke Liye Bata Du Ki Duniya Ka Sabse Pahila Computer Abacus Hain. Jiska Use Mathematics Ke Liye Kiya Jata Tha. Joki Lakdi Ka Bana Hota Tha.

Agar Hum Baat Kare Computer's Generation Ki To Ye Baat Nikal Kar Ke Aate Hain Ki Computer Me Samaya Samaya Par Ho Rahe Badlav. Jaise Jaise Computer Me Vikash Hote Hain Unhe Alag Alag Generation Me Divide Kiya Gaya Hain. To Chalyie Aab Main Aapko Inka Bare Me Details Me Batata Hu.


First Generation Of Computer (कम्‍प्‍यूटरों की प्रथम पीढ़ी) 1940-1956 “Vacuum Tubes”

First Generation Ka Computer Me Kafi Problems Aa Rahi Thi. Islyie Isse Jyada Samaya Tak Use Nahi Kiya Gaya. First Generation Ke Computer Me Vaccum Tubes Ko Circuitry Aur Magnetic Drum Ke Liye Memory Ke Kaam Me Liya Jata Tha. First Generation Ke Computer Ko Use Karna Kafi Mehanga Padta Tha Kyuki Ye Kafi Light Lete The. Jiska Isme Heating Bhi Adhik Matra Me Hua Karte The.

Jisse Ki Malfunction Ki Bhi Problem Aate Rahte The. Inme Input Device Ke Roop Me Punch Card Aur Paper Tape Ka Istemal Kiya Karte The. Aur Wahi Output Ke Liye Prinout Jaise Instrument Ka Use Kiya Karte The.First Generation Ke Computer Ke Kuch Example Hain Jaise Ki UNIVAC Aur ENIAC Computer. Inme Keval Machine Language (0,1) Ka Hi Use Kiya Jata Tha.

Second Generation Of Computers ( कम्‍प्‍यूटरों की द्वितीय पीढ़ी )1956-1963 “Transistors”

Jaise Ki Maine Aapko Bataya Tha Ki First Generation Ke Computer Me Kafi Heat Hua Karte The. Jisse Ki Second Generation Computer Me Kafi Badlav Laye Gaye Sabse Pahile To Vaccum Tubes Ko Hatakar Transistors Ka Use Kiya Karte The. Transistors Ko Bell Labs Ne 1947 Me Banaya Tha. Ye First Generation Ke Mukabla Bahut Behtar Hain Kyuki Ye Kafi Kam Light Leta Hain Aur Sath Fast Kaam Bhi Karta Hain.

Second Generation Ke Computer Me Machine Language Ki Jagah Assembly Language Use Kiya Jane Laga. Inme High Level Language Ka Use Kiya Jane Joki COBOL Aur FORTRAN Hi Shamil They. Second Generation Computer Me Kafi Problem Aayi Jiske Karan Isme Changes Laye Gaye.

Third Generation of Computer ( कम्‍प्‍यूटरों की तृतीय पीढ़ी ) 1964-1971 “Integrated Circuits”

Third Generation Ke Computer Me Sabse Pahile Integrated Circuit Ka Use Kiya Gaya Jisme Ki Transistors Ko Chote Chote Silicon Chip Ke Andar Dala Jata Tha. Jisse Hum Semi Conductor Bhi Kah Sakta Hain. Inka Karan Inki Effeciency Aur Speed Me Kafi Increasement Hue.Aur Acchhi Baat To Ye Hain Ki Iss Generation Ke Computers Ko User Friendly Banana Ke Liye Monitora, Keyboards Aur Operating System Ka Istemal Kiya Gaya. Isse Pahile Baar Market Me Laya Gaya Jisse Logo Ne Kafi Sarahya Bhi.

Fourth Generation Of Computers ( कम्‍प्‍यूटरों की चतुर्थ पीढ़ी ) 1971-1985 “Microprocessors”

Fourth Generation Ke Computer Me Micro Processors Ka Use Kiya Gaya. Aur Isme Ye Khasiyat The Ki Hazaro Integrated Circuit Ko Ek Hi Silicon Chip Me Embedded Kiya Gaya. Inme Computer Ke Size Me Kafi Badlav Dekhe Gaye. Joki Pura System Ek Kamre Me Aata Tha Aab Wo Hatale Me Bhi Le Sakte The.Fourth Generation Ke Computer Me Microprocessor Ki Wajah Se Inme Efficiency Aur Bhi Aadhik Matra Me Badh Gaye. Isme Aap Thoda Samaya Me Bade Se Bade Calculation Kar Sakte The.

Fifth Generation Of Computers ( कम्‍प्‍यूटरों की पंचम पीढ़ी ) 1985-present “Artificial Intelligence”

Aaj Ka Samaya Me Hum Jiss Bhi Computer Ka Istemaal Kar Rahe Hain Usse Hum Fifth Generation Of Computers Ka Naam Dete Hain. Ye Ek Aise Generation Ke Computer Hain Jaha Ki Artificial Intelligence Hone Ke Karan Swayam Decision Lene Ki Chamta Aa Chuki Thi. Dheere Dheere Inme Sare System Work Automatic Hi Ho Jayenge.

Fifth Generation Kafi Stable Tha Aab Kya Hua Ki Naye Naye Technology Jaise Speed Recognition, Parallel Processing, Quantum Calculation Jaise Kai Advanced Technology Use Me Layi Jane Lagi.

कंप्यूटर का आविष्कार किसने किया -

आधुनिक कंप्यूटर का जनक किसे कहा जाता है? Aapki Jankari Ke Liye Bata Du Ki Aise Me To Bahut Logo Ne Computer's Development Me Apna Yogdaan Diya Hain. Lakin Sabse Jyada Value Charles Babage Ka Hain Kyuki Unhone Ne Hi Sabse Pahile Analytical Engine Ko 1837 Me Develope Kiya Tha. Iss Type Ke Computer Me ALU, Basic Flow Control Aur Integrated Memory Ki Techniques Ko Lagu Ki Gaye. Iss Computer Ke Aadhar Par Hi Aajkal Ke Computer Ko Banaya Gaya Hain. Sirf Isse Karan Se Hi Inko Computer Ka Janak Kaha Jata Hain.

कंप्यूटर कैसे काम करता है?

Computer Sirf 3 Basic Function Par Kaam Karta Hain Jinme Se

  • Input ( Data )
  • Process
  • Output ( Monitor, Printer )


Parts Of Computer

To Chalyie Aab Main Aapko Inke Bare Me Details Me Samjhata Hu.

Input ( Data ) - Jab Bhi Aap Input Device Ke Through Koi Bhi Raw Data Computer Ko Bhejte Hain. To Inhe Hum Apni Bhasa Me Input Kahte Hain. ( i.e, Text Command, Photos, Videos etc)


Process - Jo Bhi Aapne Command Diya Aab Wo Raw Data Computer Ke Brain Yani C.P.U Me Chala Jata Hain. Aur Ye Internal Processing Hain. Bas Iska Kaam Hain Keval Data Ko Process Karna.


Output - Jab Data Process Hone Ke Baad Jo Bhi Result Aata Hain Usse Hum Output Device ( i.e, Monitor, Printer etc ) Ke Jariye Dekh Sakte Hain. Aur Yadi Aap Data Ko Save Karna Chahata Hain To Usse Memory Me Save Kar Le. Taki Future Me Jab Bhi Iske Jarurat Bade Iska Istemal Kar Sake.


कंप्यूटर के प्रकार – Types of computer in Hindi ( According Work )

Aab Main Aapko Batata Hu Ki Work Ke Aadhar Par Computer Ko Kitne Category Me Bata Gaya Hain.

   1. Analog Computer
   2. Digital Computer 
   3. Hybrid Computer

Analog Computer Me Analog Signal Se Result Show Hota Hain Wahi Hi Digital Computer Me Binary Digits Ki Madad Se Result Hota Hain. Aur Hybrid Computer Me Operating Mode Ki Help Se Data Process Ho Kar Result Show Hone Lagta Hain.

आकार के आधार पर कंप्यूटर के प्रकार

  1. Mini Computer
  2. MainFrame Computer
  3. Super Computer

Super Computer Ka Use Har Koi Nahi Kar Sakta Hain. Isse Sirf Scientist Hi Use Karte Hain. Aur Hume Aane Wale Dino Ki Baat Batate Rahte Hain.MainFrame Computer Bhi Bahut Adhik Mahnga Yantra Hain Kyuki Ye 1 Sath Hazaro Logo Ko Handle Kar Sakta Hain. Mini Computer Apna Naam Hi Ki Tarah Mini Control Me Kaam Karta Hain Ye Ek Sath Sirf 4-200 Logo Ko Hi Handle Kar Pata Hain.

कंप्यूटर के उपयोग

चलिए अब जान लेते हैं उसका उपयोग जहां किया जाता है.

 1. शिक्षा (Education)
 2. सरकारी आफिस कार्य (Government Office work)
 3. रक्षा संस्थान (Defense)
 4. अस्पताल (Hospital)
 5. खेल (Sports)
 6. बिज़नेस (Business)
 7. विज्ञानं एवं अनुसंधान (Science & Research)
 8. मनोरंजन (Entertainment)
 9. मौसम विभाग (Whether department)
 10. बैंक कार्य (Banking)

कंप्यूटर के भाग संक्षेप में – Parts of a Computer in Hindi

1. Input Device
2. Motherboard
3. C.P.U
4. Output Device
5. Hard Disk Drive
6. RAM
7. Power Supply

  Conclusion -

To Dosto Mujhe Puri Umeed Hain Ki Aab Aap Samajh Gaye Honge Ki What Is Computer In Hindi ? Jaise Ki Aapko Pata Hi Hoga Ki Aaj Ka Time Me Computer Ka Use Har Jagah Jaruri Hain Islyie Bina Computer Ka Knowledge Sara Likhna Padhna Bekaar Hain.

     Dosto, Mujhe Puri Umeed Hain Ki Aapke Kafi Doubt Clear Ho Gaye Honge. Isse Apna Dosto Ke Sath Share Jarur Kare.


मेरा हमेशा से यही कोशिश रहा है की मैं हमेशा अपने readers या पाठकों का हर तरफ से हेल्प करूँ, यदि आप लोगों को किसी भी तरह की कोई भी doubt है तो आप मुझे बेझिजक पूछ सकते हैं.


मैं जरुर उन Doubts का हल निकलने की कोशिश करूँगा. आपको यह लेख कंप्यूटर किसे कहते है कैसा लगा हमें comment लिखकर जरूर बताएं ताकि हमें भी आपके विचारों से कुछ सीखने और कुछ सुधारने का मोका मिले.










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                           Anurag Tiwari
                                    Author

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